CORRELATIONS BETWEEN OBESITY ANTROPOMETRIC MARKERS, ADIPOCYTOKINES AND MONOCYTES OXIDATIVE STRESS STATUS IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS
ELENA VIOLETA BĂCANU1, DANIELA LIXANDRU2,3*, IRINA STOIAN2, BOGDANA VÎRGOLICI2, MARIA MOHORA2, ANDREEA LETITIA ARSENE2, CONSTANTIN IONESCU-TÎRGOVIŞTE1
1“N Paulescu” National Institute of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Bucharest, Romania
2Department of Biochemistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania
3Institute of Biochemistry of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania
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Adipose tissue is linked to cardiovascular and metabolic complications of
obesity by increased local production of adipocytokines that may lead to increased
oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pro-oxidant and antioxidant balance on
peripheral mononuclear cells in overweight/obese diabetic patients.
Two groups of subjects were selected: one with type 2 diabetes mellitus (group
DM, n=60) and a control group (group M, n=30). The first group was divided in two
subgroups, according to their body mass index (overweight group, with BMI 25-29.9 kg/
m2 and obese group, with BMI ≥30 kg/m2).
The monocyte capacity to release oxidative radicals and to neutralize them was
determined by measuring the NADPH oxidase activity and, respectively, the activity of the
intracellular antioxidant enzyme paraoxonase2 (PON2). Microalbuminuria was
determinated by measuring the urinary albumin excretion rate, while serum leptin and
adiponectin levels were determined by ELISA methods.
All the determined parameters were modified significantly in the diabetic
patients versus control. Comparing the obese diabetic patients with the overweight
diabetics, increased NADPH oxidase activity (p=0.005) was measured. PON2 activity was
similar in subgroups, but much lower than in control (p<0.001). Serum leptin (for p<0.05)
was correlated with the visceral fat (r=0.55), with the monocyte NADPH oxidase activity
(r=0.39) and with microalbuminuria (r=0.31), while adiponectin was negatively correlated
with the level of visceral fat (r=-0.27).
This study emphasizes the monocyte’s pro-oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in
obese diabetic patients. Low monocyte PON2 activity and high NADPH oxidase activity
are influenced by the obesity degree and by serum adipocytokines levels.